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Published in History & Culture

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Published in History & Culture

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Mulk Raj Anand on Untouchability in India through “Untouchables”

Mulk Raj Anand cleverly explained in his book. “How a young man of eighteen becomes a victim of caste discrimination. Soul crushing story of inexperienced Bakha.” Lack of wisdom, uneducated Bakha who encounters scolding. And assaults that end with the good news of the arrival of flushing toilets in India. Mulk Raj Anand (b.12 Dec 1905 — d. 28 Sep 2004) ...

Mulk Raj Anand cleverly explained in his book. “How a young man of eighteen becomes a victim of caste discrimination. Soul crushing story of inexperienced Bakha.”


Mulk Raj Anand
Mulk Raj Anand

Lack of wisdom, uneducated Bakha who encounters scolding. And assaults that end with the good news of the arrival of flushing toilets in India. Mulk Raj Anand (b.12 Dec 1905 — d. 28 Sep 2004) who depicted his writing full of poor Indian culture into the society through his pen.

Coolie (labour) name that has been referred to in India. As well as, Peon in Spanish (having no caste or identity in the society). Mr Mulk studied  Indians and explored the different versions of the life of labours. Likewise, The Indian society and its realities during British India.

How queer, the Hindu don’t feed their cow although they call the cow “Mother!”

This is one of the thoughts of Bakha, a young man who had many questions in his mind spitting out. In every thoughtful situation that evokes his mind with a meaningful question. The protagonist in the novel Untouchable by Mulk Raj Anand (Available in paperback).

He cleverly explored Indian racism, caste ism, and life of those. Labourers who worked for people of higher society, but their life surrounded by many scavengers around their houses.

They were mostly the leather workers, The washer man, The barbers. The water carriers, and mostly those who are expelled from the caste. Carrying a load of no identity in the society. How does it feel only those know who are constantly faced and regretted being poor?

Mr Mulk Raj Anand had widely focused on the deep, ancient carried-forward culture of India. As well as, required reformation into a new India.

“Untouchable” by Mulk Raj Anand

The protagonist, Bakha being a sweeper and a clever man. But, having a lack of experience or sometimes his slip of judgments falls him into long troubles. Having such knowledge makes such a strong person and leads to a successful decision. Being naive but always compassionate toward his friends and family.

Mr Mulk had purposefully pierced writing from his argument of the brain in front of the readers. And talked with millions through Untouchable. It puts brain evoking situations of the poor labours in the audience. After reading the novel, you will learn the social life of Bakha. Or any other sweepers, many others like him. One who often encountered sexual and public assaults or public shame.

This was the ancient culture of India. Many times he caught and left scolded by the upper-class or rich caste owners. The writer focused on especially the behaviour of the rich at coolie.

These behaviours could only stop unless the government looked into it. Labours who work which are untouchables by humans and could be done by machines. Also, The novel ends with good news. When the great freedom fighter, Mahatma Gandhi comes at the end of the debate with the audience. As well as, announces the quick arrival of flushing toilets in India. The one who works as labour could only sense how joyful is that. And thus Untouchable brings awareness in class-one people.

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